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Social Studies

Religions and Japan

Religion Assessment on Wednesday, March 21, 2018

Japan Assessment on Tuesday, March 27, 2018


Facts for the next week.

186. The Niger River runs through the rainforests, savannah, and the Sahel. It connects all these environments and provides a major trade route for goods from one region to another. Yearly floods make agriculture and fishing possible.

*Be prepared to label these resources on a map and know which direction they are being traded.

4.3: Compare the Maya, Aztec, and Inca.

187. Slash-and-burn agriculture: clearing and then burning a section of land. The fire quickly clears a lot of land, while the ash provides nutrients to make the ground more fertile.

188. Terrace farming: Cutting steps into hillside to create flat land for farming.

189. Conquistador: Spanish explorers who conquered land while searching for gold and other riches in Central and South America.

190. From 400-1550 AD, three large civilizations grew in Central and South America: the Maya, Aztec, and Inca. These civilizations farmed crops like corn. They were isolated by geography. Much of their culture and history was destroyed by Spanish invaders.

191. The Mayan civilization was in the rainforest of the Yucatan Peninsula. Slash-and-burn agriculture was used. Human sacrifices took place in step pyramids to worship the gods. The Maya wrote in hieroglyphs, and their astronomers tracked the sun with a calendar. 

192. The Aztecs built their civilization on a swamp valley in modern-day Mexico. The Aztecs built terrace farming in the hills, and floating gardens called chinampas in the swamps. Human sacrifices were made for the gods at the Great Temple pyramid in Tenochtitlan.

193. The Inca Empire stretched along the Andes Mountains. Their empire was connected by roads, tunnels and bridges. Machu Picchu was a stone city built for the kings. Knotted cords called quipu recorded information. Sacrifices were made to the gods.

194. Why the Mayan civilization came to an end is a mystery. In 1492, Christopher Columbus found the Americas. In 1521, Hernan Cortez, a Spanish conquistador, conquered the Aztecs. Another conquistador, Francisco Pizzaro, killed the Inca leader in 1533.